service 作为不可数名词的时候用于表示旅馆、参观以及商店对顾客的接待或者服务。 作为可数名词的时候表示为帮助他人所采取的服务或者所做的工作。
The service in that hotel is quite good. You have done me a great service.
课文中的 service 意思是 ”业务“、”公共事业“等等。这类的用法一般有：
The mail service 邮政业务 The telephone service 电话业务 A travel service 旅行社 A news service 通讯社
I cannot spare the time. 我花不起时间 I have no time to spare. 我没有时间。 I cannot buy spare parts for this car. 我买不起这辆车的备件。（用做形容词） There is a spare room in the house. 用做形容词 The robbers spared his life. 饶恕，宽恕。
keep guard 守望、警戒，与 stand guard（站岗、放哨）意思相近
to their surperise 令他们吃惊的是。
their 可以换成 my/his 等等所有格。但一般不会换成 your
She struck the man in the face. When I entered the room, the clock struck five.
与被动形式的 made 连用的几个介词。
made in 表示产地或者生产时间。
This bike was made in China. The clavichord was made in 1681.
made by 表示制作人，由谁来制造。
This skirt was made by Mary.
made of 表示用某种材料制成，通常指制成之后不改变材料原来的性质或者形状
This chair is made of wood.
made from 表示用数种材料制成，通常指制成之后改变了材料原来的性质或者形状
Paper can be made from wood.
salary 和 wage
My salary is paid on the 28th of the month.
wage 可以译为工资，工钱，通常指技工或者体力劳动者按周或者按天支付的报酬。wage 一般使用复数形式 wages。
When I worked as a waiter, the wages were low and the tips were good.
borrow 和 lend
borrow 的意思是借入，经常与 from 连用
He borrowed my pen yesterday. Can I borrow $20 form you please?
lend 的意思是“把……借给”，“借出”，经常与 to 连用
He refused to lend any money to Tom.
be + 副词构成表语，be 与副词连用表达的意思与副词本身不同。
be back = 返回 return be on = 播放，演出，表演 perform be in = 在，出席 present be away = 离开 absent be out = 出去 be over = 结束
set + 副词构成短语动词。
set out 出发动身 Captain Alison will set out at eight o'clock. set off 出发，启程 I will set off for home the day after tomorrow. set up 创立，创建（记录） Has Tim set up a new world record? Mr. Jackson has set up a school in the village.
After I had left a small village in the south of France, ...
That book is written in German.
I stopped and he asked me for a lift.
Nervous 和 Irritable
Nervous 表示紧张不安 Examinations makes me nervous. Irritable 表示易怒。 He is such an Irritable person.
Office Study Desk
There are six people in our office. 办公室 The living room is next to the study. 书房 My desk covered with books. 书桌
Will you bu this car? I can't afford 7000. You can afford this model. I can't afford the time. 没时间
Police 指代警察群体，为复数形式。单数形式可以使用 policeman 或者 policewoman
The police are looking for him. There are police everywhere. Tom's sister is a policewoman.
Pay attention to/Care/Take care of/Look after
Please pay attention to the blackboard. 注意，集中注意力 I don't care if he breaks his neck! 在意，在乎 I'll take care of/look after it while you are on holiday. 担心，担忧
I reminded him to post my letter. 提醒 I remembered to post your letter. 记起 Remember me to your mother. 代为问候
One must be careful these days. You must be careful therse days. One must never tell lies. You must never tell lies.
Why did the plan fail? 失败，不及物动词 I hope I haven't failed in the French test. 不及格，不及物动词 The teacher said he woruld faile me if I don't work hard. 使……不及格，及物动词 He failed to finish his work in time. 未能……，不能…… （后接不定式） Don't fail to post the letter for me.
My father is fifty-seven years old now.
Last week, my four-year-old daughter, Sally, was in-vited to a children's party.
in spite of
I cannot come as i am busy. 作为连词，表示原因 As I was leaving the houst, the postman brought a letter. 作为连词，正当……时候 Do as you are told. 作为连词，以……方式 He works as an engineer. 作为介词，以……身份
My sisiter brought a new dress yesterday. 连衣裙 My brother never wears ready-made suits. 套装 All the actors wore fifteenth-century costumes. 服装
beside 和 besides
Come and sit beside us. There is a chiair beside the door.
She has so much else todo besides. There were a lot of people at the party besides us.
give back 归还
give away 赠送
give in 上交
give in 屈服，让步
give up 放弃，抛弃
give up 交出，让出