第二册句型


Lesson 1

不关你的事

none of your business.

none 相当于

none = not any = no one

none of 这个短语的语气比较强烈,表达断然的口气

None of your silly remarks!

某人的事,某人关心的事,某人的分内事

sb. 's business.

去看戏

go to the theatre = go to the theatre to see a play

通常不使用定冠词的例子

go to school

go to bed

go to church

Lesson 2

英国人常说 Dear me,美国人常说 My God。

乘坐 XX 交通工具

by air
by bike/bicycle
by boat
by bus
by car
by land
by plane
by sea
by ship
by train

如果是特制某交通工具,就要使用定冠词

My aunt left by the 9:15 train.
until

until 用于表示动作,状态的持续,一般译为: “直到……为止” 或者 “在……以前”。

I'll wait here until 5.

在否定句中,它通常与表述短暂动作的动词连用,表示“到……为止”,“直到……才”。

She cannot arrive until 6.

Lesson 3

a few 可以与复数名词连用,表示肯定,含有 some/a small number of 的意思。

The police would like to ask him a few questions.

but I did not understand a word. not ... a 的否定含义比单用 not 要强。

I did not understand a word. I did not understand.

I did not write a single card. I did not write any cards.

He did not speak a word at the party. He did not speak at the party.

thank about 一段时间一直在想或者思考某事

I often think about the lovely holiday we had last year.

make/take a decision 作出一项重大决定

It was not easy for me to make this decision.

I spent the whole day in my room… spend 表示花时间、花钱

We're going to spend threee days in the country.

If we spend all the money, we'll be poor again.

whole 整个的

a whole year

a whole bottle of milk.

two whole weeks.

Lesson 4

work for 在……上班

Where do you work?
I work for a shoe factory.

a number of 只能接收可数名词的复数形式。 number 前面可以带有 big/great/large/good/small/certain 等等

A great number of our students are Danish.

There are a small number of spelling mistakes in your homework.

My brother has never been abord before, so he is finding this trip very exciting.

so 后面的状语参数,表示结果。

find 作为“发现,发觉”来讲的时候,往往带有宾语补足语,说明宾语的状况和性质。

find 很少用于进行时态,一般用于过去时,完成时和一般现在时。

I find the film very interesting.

She found Tom's room verty dirty.

different from 不同的,相异的

Desks are different from tables.

My room is different from yours.

Lesson 5 No wrong numbers

带 way 的短语

from … to … 表示从一个地方到另一个地方

Yesterday, a pigeon carried the first message from Pinhurst to Silbury

Lesson 6 Percy Buttons

作为报答,作为交换

in return for this

in return 可以单独使用,也可以加上介词 for 表示说明

表示频率

表示频率

表示请求

ask sb. for sth. 也可以直接用 ask for

He asked his friends for advice.

He asked for his friends' advice.

Lesson 8 The best and the worst

报名参加

enter for
each 和 every

常常互换使用。

each 更加强调个体。指一个确定的通常有限的数目。

Every child in the school was questioned.

every 不那么强调个体,常用来指一个大的,不确定的数目。

Every child enjoys Christmas.
nearly 和 almost

意义相似,表示“几乎”,“差不多”,“差点儿”

Lesson 13 The Greenwood Boys

同往常一样

as uasual

维持秩序

keep order

在…场合 ;;

on … occasion

当前,现在

at present

一群,一个团体

a group of ...